This volume discusses the history of the major Balkan nationalities - the Albanians, Bulgarians, Croats, Greeks, Romanians, Serbs, and Slovenes - in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. At the commencement of this period these people lived either under Ottoman or Habsburg rule. The different conditions in the two empires and the experiences of the nationalities are described. The major emphasis, however, is on the national movements, including their pro-grams and the revolutionary activity associated with them. By the end of the nineteenth century, Greece, Romania, and the South Slavic states of Serbia and Montenegro were able to establish independent governments; Bulgaria and Croatia had autonomous regimes. The gradual disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and the national revolutions were major causes of dispute between the great powers. The Eastern Question, a dominant theme in international relations in both centuries, made the Balkans a constant center of international attention and eamed it a reputation for instability and unrest. This book thus covers the national movements, their successes and failures to 1900, and the place of these events in the international relations of the day.
Iedere gelijkenis met bestaande voorkeuren en aankopen berust op louter toeval
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